What is Person Centred Planning?
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Free Handout on Person Centred Planning
Person centred planning is a collection of tools and approaches based upon a set of shared values that can be used to plan with a person - not for them . These tools can be used to help the person think about what is important in their lives now and also to think about what would make a good future. Planning should build the person's circle of support and involve all the people who are important in that person's life.
We have a range of experienced facilitators working with us here at Inclusive Solutions for family, team or organisational planning.
Person Centred Planning was first developed in the 1980's by a small number of people including John O'Brien, Connie Lyle O'Brien, Beth Mount, Jack Pearpoint, Marsha Forest and Michael Smull. It was developed as a way of enabling people - children and adults - to move out of special segregated places schools, hospital and institutionals into mainstream life - schools and communities.
Person Centred Planning is built on the values of inclusion and looks at what support a person needs to be included and involved in their community. Person centred approaches offer an alternative to traditional types of planning which are based upon the medical model of disability and which are set up to assess need, allocate services and make descisions for people. Person centred planning is rooted in the social model and aims to empower people who have traditionally been disempowered by 'specialist' or segregated services by handing power and control back to them.
"Person centred planning is a way of organising around one person to define and create a better future" (Pete Richie, 2002)
Person Centred Planning is not one defined process but a range of processes all sharing the same underpinning values base and goal - to help a person who has been disempowered -for what ever reason -to move toward the life that they want and to get the right support in doing this. Although person centred planning was developed for disabled people it is a tool for everyone.
Connie Lyle O'Brien and John O'Brien's The
Origins of Person -Centered Planning
A Community of Practice Perspective is well worth reading.
The book "Person Centred Planning - Research,
Practice and Future Directions (2002)
by Steve Holburn and Peter Vietze - is also worth reading and has a good chapter person centred planning and organisational change.
Very little research has taken place into person centred planning, however vol. 27 number 4 of the
TASH journal (2002) was partly devoted to the theme of evaluating Person
Centred Planning and contains a strong paper by John O'Brien on the kind of
research mindset that he feels will best serve the values of this area of
Inclusive Solutions began in 2012 on trialling PATH as an alternative to the TAC - Team Around the Child Planning processes.
Valuing People Now
"Person centred planning has been shown to work. The world's largest study into person centred planning described how it helps people get improvements in important parts of their lives and indicated that this was at no additional cost"
"too few people have access to proper person centred planning... In too many local authorities, person centred planning is not at the centre of how things are done. The challenge of the next three years is to take all this innovative work and make sure that more – and eventually all – people have real choice and control over their lives and services" Valuing People Now, Department of Health, December 2007
A Little Book About Person Centred Planning by John O'Brien and Connie Lyle O'Brien
All My Life's a Circle: Using the tools Circles, MAPs & PATH by M Falvey, M Forest, J Pearpoint and R Rosenberg
Buliding New Worlds: A Sourcebook for Students with Disabilities in Transition from High School to Adult Life by Beth Mount & Connie Lyle O’Brien
Essential lifestyle planning: A handbook for facilitators. By Michael Smull, Helen Sanderson and Bill Allen